search for: within
This information also available on NationwideCarShows.com

Home - New Mexico - Tucumcari

Search for gas prices by US Zip Code

About Tucumcari, New Mexico

Information provided by Wikipedia

"Tucumcari" redirects here. For other uses, see Tucumcari (disambiguation).
Tucumcari, New Mexico
City
Quay County Courthouse in 2008
Quay County Courthouse in 2008
Official seal of Tucumcari, New Mexico
Seal
Location of Tucumcari in New Mexico
Location of Tucumcari in New Mexico
Coordinates: 35°10′10″N 103°43′32″W / 35.16944°N 103.72556°W / 35.16944; -103.72556Coordinates: 35°10′10″N 103°43′32″W / 35.16944°N 103.72556°W / 35.16944; -103.72556
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Quay
Founded 1901
Government
 • Mayor Antonio Apodaca
Area
 • Total 7.6 sq mi (19.6 km2)
 • Land 7.5 sq mi (19.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 4,091 ft (1,247 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,989
 • Density 793.8/sq mi (306.5/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 88401
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-79910
GNIS feature ID 0915909
Website City Website

Tucumcari is a city in and the county seat of Quay County, New Mexico, United States.[1] The population was 5,363 at the 2010 census. Tucumcari was founded in 1901, two years before Quay County was founded.[2]

History

In 1901, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad built a construction camp in the western portion of modern-day Quay County. Originally called Ragtown, the camp became known as Six Shooter Siding, due to numerous gunfights. Its first formal name, Douglas, was used only for a short time.[3] After it grew into a permanent settlement, it was renamed Tucumcari in 1908. The name was taken from Tucumcari Mountain, which is situated near the community.[4] Where the mountain got its name is uncertain. It may have come from the Comanche word "tukamukaru", which means to lie in wait for someone or something to approach. A 1777 burial record mentions a Comanche woman and her child captured in a battle at Cuchuncari, which is believed to be an early version of the name Tucumcari.[3]

In December 1951, a water storage tank collapsed in the city. Four were killed and numerous buildings were destroyed.

Geography

Tucumcari is located at 35°10′10″N 103°43′32″W / 35.16944°N 103.72556°W / 35.16944; -103.72556 (35.169453, −103.725488).[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.6 sq mi (19.6 km2), of which, 7.5 sq mi (19.5 km2) of it is land and 0.13% is water.

Climate

Tucumcari has a semiarid climate characterized by cool winters and very warm summers. Rainfall is relatively low except during the summer months, when thunderstorms associated with the North American monsoon can bring locally heavy downpours. Snowfall is generally very light. Due to the frequency of low humidity, wide daily temperature ranges are common.

The record high temperature at Tucumcari was 109 °F (43 °C) on August 23, 1926, and June 28, 1968. The record low temperature was −19 °F (−28 °C) on January 13, 1963. (The cooperative National Weather Service station 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Tucumcari reported a low temperature of −22 °F (−30 °C) on the same date.) The wettest year was 1941 with 35.46 inches (901 mm) and the driest year was 1951 with 7.34 inches (186 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 8.86 inches (225 mm) in July 1950. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 4.40 inches (112 mm) on August 12, 1917. The most snowfall in one year was 40.7 inches (1,030 mm) in 1931. The most snowfall in one month was 26.0 inches (660 mm) in December 1923.[6]

Summer rain over Eastern New Mexico associated with the North American Monsoon.
Climate data for Tucumcari
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 53
(12)
58
(14)
65
(18)
72
(22)
81
(27)
90
(32)
93
(34)
91
(33)
84
(29)
74
(23)
62
(17)
53
(12)
73
(22.8)
Average low °F (°C) 23
(−5)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
60
(16)
64
(18)
63
(17)
55
(13)
44
(7)
32
(0)
24
(−4)
43.3
(6.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.4
(10)
0.5
(13)
0.7
(18)
1.2
(30)
2.3
(58)
1.8
(46)
2.6
(66)
2.7
(69)
1.4
(36)
1.3
(33)
0.7
(18)
0.7
(18)
16.1
(409)
Source: [7]

Demographics

Old Attebury Grain Elevator, 2011

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,989 people, 2,489 households, and 1,607 families residing in the city. The population density was 793.8 people per square mile (306.7/km²). There were 3,065 housing units at an average density of 406.2 per square mile (156.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.87% White, 1.29% African American, 1.39% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 17.10% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.41% of the population.

There were 2,489 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

Economy

Mesalands Community College

Income inequality rose from 1990 to 2000.[9]

The median income for a household in the city was $22,560, and the median income for a family was $27,468. Males had a median income of $25,342 versus $18,568 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,786. About 19.1% of families and 24.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Schools in Tucumcari cover all groups from daycare to post-secondary education.

  • Tucumcari Early Head Start and Head Start (non-public daycare and preschool)
  • Tucumcari Elementary School (public Pre-K through fifth grade)
  • Tucumcari Middle School (public sixth grade through eighth grade)
  • Tucumcari High School (public ninth grade through twelfth grade)
  • Mesalands Community College (community two-year institution of higher learning)

Legend surrounding the area

Legend has it that Apache Chief Wautonomah was nearing the end of his time on earth and was troubled by the question of who would succeed him as ruler of the tribe. In a classic portrait of love and competition, his two finest braves, Tonopah and Tocom, not only were rivals and sworn enemies of one another, but were both vying for the hand of Kari, Chief Wantonomah's daughter. Kari knew her heart belonged to Tocom. Chief Wautonomah beckoned Tonopah and Tocom to his side and announced, "Soon I must die and one of you must succeed me as chief. Tonight you must take your long knives and meet in combat to settle the matter between you. He who survives shall be the Chief and have for his wife Kari, my daughter."

As ordered, the two braves met, with knives outstretched, in mortal combat. Unknown to either brave was that Kari was hiding nearby. When Tonopah's knife found the heart of Tocom, the young woman rushed from her hiding place and used a knife to take Tonopah's life as well as her own.

When Chief Wautonomah was shown this tragic scene, heartbreak enveloped him and he buried his daughter's knife deep into his own heart, crying out in agony, "Tocom-Kari"!

A slight variation of the Chief's dying words lives on today as Tucumcari, and the mountain that bears this name stands as a stark reminder of unfulfilled love.

Some credit this folk tale to Geronimo. Others, believing the claims to be apocryphal, purport the tale variously to have been concocted by anyone from a 1907 Methodist minister[10] to a group of local businesspeople seated together at the old Elk Drugstore each embellishing the stories one by one.[11] Nonetheless, the town is named for Tucumcari Mountain, which in turn takes its name from native origins.

Gelo has documented another origin of the name, reportedly from a Comanche when the first train arrived. He stated "tuka? manooril, carry the light!"; to a brakeman with a lantern. The brakeman repeated this as "'tukama ... carry' [i.e., Tucumcari], that will be the name of this town." [12]

Perhaps the most credible source for the name, and certainly the earliest, is found in the diary of Pedro Vial. His diary published in 1794 mentions travel past "Tuconcari", known today as Tucumcari Mountain. [13]

In popular culture

Tucumcari is mentioned in several songs, including:

Tucumcari Tonite/Route 66

Blue Swallow Motel on U.S. Route 66, 2012

For many years, Tucumcari has been a popular stop for cross-country travelers on Interstate 40 (formerly U.S. Route 66 in the area). It is the largest city on the highway between Amarillo, Texas and Albuquerque, New Mexico. Billboards reading "TUCUMCARI TONITE!" placed along I-40 for many miles to the east and west of the town invite motorists to stay the night in one of Tucumcari's "2000" (later changed to "1200") motel rooms. The "TUCUMCARI TONITE!" campaign was abandoned in favor of a campaign which declared Tucumcari, "Gateway to the West". However, on June 24, 2008, Tucumcari's Lodgers Tax Advisory Board, the group responsible for the billboards, voted to return to the previous slogan.[16]

Old U.S. Route 66 runs through the heart of Tucumcari via Route 66 Boulevard, which was previously known as Tucumcari Boulevard from 1970 to 2003 and as Gaynell Avenue before that time. Numerous businesses, including gasoline service stations, restaurants and motels, were constructed to accommodate tourists as they traveled through on the Mother Road. A large number of the vintage motels and restaurants built in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s are still in business despite intense competition from newer chain motels and restaurants in the vicinity of Interstate 40, which passes through the city's outskirts on the south.

The Federal Building (Sands Dorsey Drug) burned on June 8, 2007

Historic Downtown

Most of Tucumcari's oldest buildings lie along or near Main Street in the Historic Downtown area. These include:

  • Rock Island-Southern Pacific Train Depot (Built 1926, restored 2011)
  • Odeon Theater (built 1937 and still operating)
  • Crescent Creamery (vacant)
  • Federal Building, commonly known as Sands-Dorsey Drug (fire damaged and vacant)[17]
  • Masonic Temple
  • Princess Theater (fire damaged and vacant)

Also located in the downtown area are the concrete arches that once surrounded the Hotel Vorenburg, which was demolished in the 1970s after being damaged by fire.

USS Tucumcari

Main article: USS Tucumcari (PGH-2)

The city had a United States Navy hydrofoil named after it. The USS Tucumcari (PGH-2) was built by Boeing. It began service in 1968 and ended service in 1972 after running aground in Puerto Rico.

Events

The buildings formerly at Metropolitan Park (locally known as "Five Mile Park" because it is located about five miles (8 km) outside of town) were designed by Trent Thomas, adapted from his design of La Fonda Hotel in Santa Fe. The park once featured New Mexico's largest outdoor swimming pool. Owing to deterioration, Metropolitan Park was named to the New Mexico Heritage Preservation Alliance's list of Most Endangered for 2003.[18] In 2010, the park's main building caught fire and burnt to the ground. The city of Tucumcari razed the site weeks after the fire.[19]

Each year since 1992 the town has held the Tucumcari Air Show. The show held on October 4, 2006 was canceled after one hour when a single-engine plane crashed, resulting in the pilot's death.[20]

Notable people

In 1896, Tom "Black Jack" Ketchum and his associates robbed a post office and store in Liberty, NM, a community that dissolved after the railroad bypassed it. Many of Liberty's residents moved to the nearby railroad siding that eventually became Tucumcari. Some of the local residents believe that there is a cave in a mesa south of Tucumcari, which may hold some of the loot, from the robbery of Liberty, New Mexico.[21]

Musician Bob Scobey was born in Tucumcari in 1916.[22] The following year, American character actor Paul Brinegar was born in Tucumcari as well.

Tucumcari High School graduate Stan David was a star safety for the Texas Tech Red Raiders and played 16 NFL games for the Buffalo Bills in 1984. He was listed as number 48 in the Sports Illustrated list of "The 50 Greatest New Mexico Sports Figures."[23]

Rex Maddaford, who competed for the New Zealand team in the 1968 Summer Olympics, has been a long-time Tucumcari Public Schools faculty member. He is currently a teacher at Tucumcari High School.[24]

See also

References

Train station in Tucumcari, 2008
  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Tucumcari Project
  3. ^ a b "Tucumcari". New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Photo Guide:T". Southwest Collection Library. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?nm9148; http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?nm9153
  7. ^ http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/vacationplanner/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USNM0333
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ TUCUMCARI MAINSTREET: COMMUNITY ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT, Jeffrey Mitchell, 2007, http://bber.unm.edu/pubs/MAINSTREET_Tucumcari.pdf
  10. ^ Sam Lowe (January 2009). New Mexico Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff. Globe Pequot. ISBN 9780762746705. 
  11. ^ Dan Kenneth Phillips. "Four Corners - A Literary Excursion Across America". 
  12. ^ Gelo, Daniel J. ""Comanche Land and Ever Has Been": A Native Geography of the Nineteenth-Century Comanchería". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Vial, Pedro. "Diary of Pedro Vial". Pedro de Nava to the Conde de Revilla Gigedo, Viceroy of Mexico. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Aloha & Ballyhoo - TIME
  15. ^ Google Books: The Echelon Vendetta
  16. ^ "'Tucumcari Tonite' Returns to Billboards". Albuquerque Journal. June 25, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Sands-Dorsey building collapses under fire". Quay County Sun. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  18. ^ NMHeritage.org: Resources: NM Preservation Resources
  19. ^ http://www.qcsunonline.com/articles/playground-8525-relocate-officials.html
  20. ^ Fatal accident at air show : News : KVII
  21. ^ Black Jack Ketchum
  22. ^ MUSICMATCH Guide: Bob Scobey
  23. ^ "SI.com - SI 50th - New Mexico - The 50 Greatest New Mexico Sports Figures - Wednesday July 09, 2003 04:11 PM". CNN. 
  24. ^ http://www.qcsunonline.com/engine.pl?station=quay&template=storyfull.html&id=1340

External links

Bookmark and Share